Plant Listings

Amaranthus cruentus

Amaranthus cruentus L.

Common names: Huautli, Red Amaranth, Prince’s Feather

Family: Amaranthaceae

Habit: Amaranthus cruentus grows as an annual or perennial to 2 m in height (usually shorter). The mostly glabrous leaves are arranged alternately, ovate-lanceolate, with an entire margin and acuminate leaf apex.

Amaranthus cruentus is monoecious. The incomplete, imperfect, zygomorphic flowers are arranged in terminal axillary panicles. The flowers are subtended by 3-4 maroon bracts and numerous hairs. The perianth has 5 pink/purple/red/unfused tepals. The staminate flowers have 5 unfused stamens and no carpel. The carpellate flowers have a superior ovary with a single locule and seed and no stamens.  The fruit is an achene at maturity.

Habitat: Amaranthus cruentus grows in Human Altered environments (yards, gardens, farms).

Amaranthus cruentus is NOT native to the Lucayan Archipelago but occurs on many islands. It is native to Central America but now occurs worldwide.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage:
Amaranthus cruentus is not used medicinally in the Lucayan Archipelago.

It is grown as a food crop for its seeds which can be used as flour and the leaves are edible.  It is also grown ornamentally for its showy pink/purple/red/maroon inflorescences.