Plant Listings

Melia azedarach

Melia azedarach L.

Common Name: Pride of India, China Berry

Family: Meliaceae

Habit: Melia azedarach grows as a large shrub to small tree to 15 m in height. The pinnately compound leaves are arranged alternately, up to 40 cm in length. The leaflets are up to 6 cm in length, ovate with a crenate/serrate leaf margin and an acute leaf apex. 

The complete, perfect, actinomorphic flowers are arranged in terminal panicles. The calyx has 5 green, unfused, pubescent sepals. The corolla has 5 white or lavender, pubescent, unfused petals. There are 10-12, fused into a purple tube, stamens that are pubescent interiorly. There is a superior ovary with many locules and ovules.  The fruit is a yellow drupe at maturity.

Melia azedarach grows in Human Altered environments (yards, roadsides, abandoned fields).

Melia azedarach is NOT native to the Lucayan Archipelago.  It is native to the Indian subcontinent, Asia and Australia.  Is now spread throughout the world as an INVASIVE species.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage:
Melia azedarach is not known to be used medicinally in the Lucayan Archipelago.

It is used in the horticultural industry and is now escaping from yards.