Plant Listings

Mikania scandens

Mikania scandens (L.) Willd.

Common Names: Climbing Hemp Weed

Family: Asteraceae

Habit: Mikania scandens is a perennial vine up to 1.5 m in height (usually less than 75 cm) with pubescent stems. Leaves arranged opposite, deltoid – cordate, to 10 cm in length, with an undulate margin and acuminate leaf apex.

The complete, perfect, actinomorphic (disc) flowers are in heads arranged in a panicle. The heads are subtended by a series of involucral bracts (phyllaries). The calyx is modified as a ring of hairs (pappus).  The corolla with 5 fused, white petals.  There are 5 stamens fused at their base. The ovary is inferior with a single locule and seed. The fruit is a ribbed achene at maturity that retains the modified calyx (pappus).

Mikania scandens grows in Pine Woodlands, Sabal palmetto flats, grasslands and ephemeral Fresh Water Wetlands.

Mikania scandens occurs on the northern island groupings of the Lucayan Archipelago.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Mikania scandens is not known to be used medicinally in the Lucayan Archipelago.