Plant Listings

Myrsine cubana

Myrsine cubana A. DC.

Synonym: Myrsine floridana

Common Names: Colic Wood

Family: Primulaceae

Habit: Myrsine cubana grows as a glabrous shrub to small tree up to 6 meters in height.  The leaves are arranged alternately, oblong to oblanceolate, slightly fleshy, up to 10 cm long (typically shorter), with a rounded leaf apex and an entire margin.

Myrsine cubana is monoecious. The incomplete, imperfect, actinomorphic flowers occur in clusters along the stems. The calyx has 5 unfused, green sepals occurring as triangular lobes.  The corolla has 5 fused, white/green, glandular petals.  In staminate flowers there are stamens fused to the petals and 5 staminodes and a nonfunctional carpel.  In carpellate flowers there are 5 staminodes and a superior ovary with 1 locule and ovule. The ovary is superior with 1 locule and many ovules.  The fruit is a black drupe at maturity.

Myrsine cubana grows in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formation- Forest/Shrubland (coppice and savannas) and Pine Woodlands.

Myrsine cubana occurs on the northern island groupings in the Lucayan Archipelago, the Greater Antilles, southern Mexico, and Central America as well as Florida.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage:
Myrsine cubana is not known to be used medicinally in the Lucayan Archipelago.