Plant Listings

Passiflora cupraea

Passiflora cupraea L.

Common Names:  Devils Pumpkin, Wild Watermelon

Family:  Passifloraceae

Habit Passiflora cupraea grows as vine with older portions becoming corky with age.  The leaves are arranged alternately, to 15 cm in length.  The leaves are variable in shape from lanceolate to bi or tri-lobed with an entire margin. Tendrils are present at the nodes.

The complete, perfect, actinomorphic flowers are arranged in pairs or are solitary.  There are 3 small deciduous bracts below the flower.  The calyx has 5 green unfused sepals.  There is no corolla.  There is a corona with filaments in 2 series.  The outer series is dark red and recurved. The inner series is filamentous and a dark red color.  There are 5 stamens.  The ovary is superior, with 3 stigmatic lobes, a single locule and numerous seeds.  The fruit is a berry that turns dark purple at maturity.

Habitat: Passiflora cupraea grows in all plant communities in the Bahamian Archipelago as well as human disturbed habitats.

Distribution in Bahamas/Globally: Passiflora cupraea occurs on all island groupings within the Bahamian Archipelago as well as Cuba and Hispaniola.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Passiflora cupraea is not used medicinally in the Bahamas.  The fruits are edible although not particularly tasty.