Plant Listings

Pseudophoenix sargentii

Common Name: Buccaneer Palm

Habit: Pseudophoenix sargentii grows as an unbranched tree to ten meters with a trunk to 30 centimeters wide.  The trunk has distinctive circular leaf scars and is often wider at the base than the top.  The leaves are arranged spirally with a concave petiole.  The leaf blade is up to two meters in length and is pinnately compound.

The flowers are arranged in a panicle up to one meter in length.  The flowers are hermaphroditic or monoecious.  Staminate flowers are larger than carpellate flowers. The calyx has three sepals that are fused at the base forming a shallow cup.  The corolla has three unfused petals.  There are six stamens and the carpel has three locules each containing a single seed.  The fruit is a berry that turns dark red at maturity and is two or three lobed depending on how many seeds reach maturity.

Habitat: Pseudophoenix sargentii can grow on both a sand or limestone rock substrate but is typically in rock in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formations (Coppice) both coastal and interior.   

Distribution in Bahamas/Globally:  Pseudophoenix sargentii occurs throughout the Bahamian Archipelago as well as south Florida, the Caribbean and the Yucatan Peninsula.

Cultural usage Pseudophoenix sargentii is commonly used in the horticultural industry. Historically the sap has been used to make alcoholic beverages and the fruits have been used for feeding animals.