Plant Listings

Rivina humilis

Rivina humilis L.

Common Names:  Lipstick Bush, Pigeon Berry, Wild Tomato, Rouge Plant, Blood Berry

Family:  Phytolaccaceae

Habit: Rivina humilis grows as long-lived perennial becoming woody at stem base to 2 m in height. The leaves are arranged alternately, to 10 cm in length, ovate to lanceolate, with an acute leaf apex and entire margin.

The actinomorphic, perfect, incomplete flowers are arranged in axillary and terminal racemes.  The calyx has 4 greenish unfused, sepals subtended by two bracts. The corolla has 4 whitish pink, unfused, petals. There are no petals. There are 4 stamens unfused along most.  The ovary is superior with a single locule.  The fruit is a red drupe at maturity. 

Habitat: Rivina humilis grows in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formation – Forest/Shrubland (coppice) and human disturbed areas

Distribution in Bahamas/Globally: Rivina humilis occurs on all island groupings within the Bahamian Archipelago as well as the southern United States, the entire Caribbean region and throughout Central and South America.  It is now spreading as an invasive in Asia.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Rivina humilis is not used medicinally in the Bahamas.