Plant Listings

Sideroxylon foetidissimum

Sideroxylon foetidissimum Jacq.

Synonym: Mastichodendron foetidissimum

Common Names: Mastic, Mastic-bully

Family: Sapotaceae

Habit: Sideroxylon foetidissimum grows as a large up to 20 meters in height.  The leaves are arranged alternately, to 20 cm in length, lanceolate to elliptical to obovate with an acute leaf apex.  The leaf margin is entire but wavy in appearance. 

The numerous actinomorphic, complete and perfect flowers are arranged in groups arising in the axils of leaves. The calyx has 5 unfused brown pubescent sepals.  The corolla has 5 yellow-green fused petals.  There are 5 stamens fused to the corolla and 5 staminodes. The ovary is superior with 1 locule and seed. The fruit is an orange drupe at maturity.

Habitat: Sideroxylon foetidissimum grows in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formation – Forest/Woodland/Shrublands (coppice and scrublands) and Pine Woodlands.

Distribution in Bahamas/Globally: Sideroxylon foetidissimum grows through out the entire Bahamian islands as well as Florida, the entire Caribbean region, Mexico and Central America.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Sideroxylon foetidissimum is not used medicinally in the Bahamas.  It is a hard wood that has been used in wood working.