Plant Listings

Zanthoxylum flavum

Common Names: Yellow Wood, Satin Wood, Yellow Sanders, Yellow Heart

Family: Rutaceae

Habit: Zanthoxylum flavum grows as a large shrub to small tree up to 11 meters in height with a trunk to 50 cm in diameter.  The vegetation has a fine pubescence.  The oddly pinnate, compound leaves are arranged alternately to 25 cm in length.  The leaflets are up to 8 cm in length, ovate to elliptic with an oblique leaf base, an obtuse leaf apex and an entire or crenulate leaf margin.  The leaves have pellucid punctate dots and are aromatic when crushed.  .

The dioecious actinomorphic flowers are arranged in terminal panicles.  The calyx has 4 unfused green sepals.  The corolla has 4 greenish-white, unfused petals. Staminate flowers have 4 stamens and a non-functional ovary.  The carpellate flowers have no stamens and 1-3 unfused carpels. Each superior ovary has 1 locule and 1 seed.  The fruit is a capsule at maturity producing black seeds.

Habitat: Zanthoxylum flavum grows in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formation – Woodland/Shrubland (coppice/scrubland) on a sand substrate.

Distribution in Bahamas/Globally: Zanthoxylum flavum grows on all island groupings in the Bahamian Archipelago as well as Florida and the Caribbean region.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Zanthoxylum flavum is not used medicinally in the Bahamas.

Zanthoxylum flavum is used in the horticultural industry and is a highly prized for cabinetry and other wood working for its distinctive wood color.